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Conception of smart farming solutions in the context of Botswana's digital development : Identifying and evaluating potential innovations that enable smallholder farmers in Botswana to access data, connecting them to new resources, knowledge, and markets, based on a federated digital framework to advance Africa's transition to a digital economy

  • Botswana serves as a role model for other African countries due to its rapid development in recent decades. Since the country is sparsely populated and a large part of the rural population depends on agriculture, especially livestock, this sector forms the backbone of the national economy. The digitization of this sector offers promising opportunities for economic growth and driving Botswana's evolution to a digital economy, while real value is being created for smallholder farmers. To support this process, an ITU research project made the key recommendation for the development of a digital crowdfarming tool and marketplace to create a digital ecosystem for smallholder agriculture. Within the research project, infrastructural challenges such as the creation of rural electricity supply and internet access, as well as the smallholders' need for remote monitoring, management, and better connectivity, were identified. Based on the findings of the ITU research report, this bachelor's thesis aims to identify potential innovations for the digital development of smallholder agriculture in Botswana and to conceptualize proposals to address the identified challenges and needs of smallholder farmers. To achieve this, solutions were developed through literature research, technology analysis and expert involvement. These included the design of a decentralized mini-grid for power supply, proposals to create internet access, and the graphic visualization of a conceptual app. The latter addresses smallholder farmers' needs for remote monitoring, market access, knowledge enhancement, and connection to colleagues, buyers, and investors. The proposed solutions and developed concepts provide impulses for further research and can serve as a basis for an extended evaluation through further involvement of experts and stakeholders.

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Author:Hannes Borgwardt
Advisor:Michael Buehler
Document Type:Bachelor Thesis
Year of Publication:2022
Granting Institution:HTWG Konstanz,Maschinenbau (MA)
Date of final exam:2022/08/31
Release Date:2022/09/20
Tag:Smart Farming; Botswana; Digitization
Page Number:XXII, 50 Seiten
Institutes:Fakult├Ąt Maschinenbau
Open Access?:Ja
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY - Namensnennung 4.0 International