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In this paper, multivariate polynomials in the Bernstein basis over a simplex (simplicial Bernstein representation) are considered. Two matrix methods for the computation of the polynomial coefficients with respect to the Bernstein basis, the so-called Bernstein coefficients, are presented. Also matrix methods for the calculation of the Bernstein coefficients over subsimplices generated by subdivision of the standard simplex are proposed and compared with the use of the de Casteljau algorithm. The evaluation of a multivariate polynomial in the power and in the Bernstein basis is considered as well. All the methods solely use matrix operations such as multiplication, transposition, and reshaping; some of them rely also on the bidiagonal factorization of the lower triangular Pascal matrix or the factorization of this matrix by a Toeplitz matrix. The latter one enables the use of the Fast Fourier Transform hereby reducing the amount of arithmetic operations.

Tests for speeding up the determination of the Bernstein enclosure of the range of a multivariate polynomial and a rational function over a box and a simplex are presented. In the polynomial case, this enclosure is the interval spanned by the minimum and the maximum of the Bernstein coefficients which are the coefficients of the polynomial with respect to the tensorial or simplicial Bernstein basis. The methods exploit monotonicity properties of the Bernstein coefficients of monomials as well as a recently developed matrix method for the computation of the Bernstein coefficients of a polynomial over a box.

A real matrix is called totally nonnegative if all of its minors are nonnegative. In this paper, the minors are determined from which the maximum allowable entry perturbation of a totally nonnegative matrix can be found, such that the perturbed matrix remains totally nonnegative. Also, the total nonnegativity of the first and second subdirect sum of two totally nonnegative matrices is considered.