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This paper considers intervals of real matrices with respect to partial orders and the problem to infer from some exposed matrices lying on the boundary of such an interval that all real matrices taken from the interval possess a certain property. In many cases such a property requires that the chosen matrices have an identically signed inverse. We also briefly survey related problems, e.g., the invariance of matrix properties under entry-wise perturbations.

Tests for speeding up the determination of the Bernstein enclosure of the range of a multivariate polynomial and a rational function over a box and a simplex are presented. In the polynomial case, this enclosure is the interval spanned by the minimum and the maximum of the Bernstein coefficients which are the coefficients of the polynomial with respect to the tensorial or simplicial Bernstein basis. The methods exploit monotonicity properties of the Bernstein coefficients of monomials as well as a recently developed matrix method for the computation of the Bernstein coefficients of a polynomial over a box.