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Effect of low temperature carburization of austenitic stainless steels on residual stress and magnetic properties

  • Low temperature carburizing of a series of austenitic stainless with various combinations of chromium and nickel equivalents was performed. The investigation of the response towards low temperature carburized for three stainless steels with various Cr- and Ni-equivalents showed that the carbon uptake depends significantly on the chemical composition of the base material. The higher carbon content in the expanded austenite layer of specimen 6 (1.4565) and specimen 4 (1.4539/AISI 904L) compared to specimen 2 (1.4404/AISI 316L) is assumed to be mainly related to the difference in the specimens’ chromium content. More chromium leads to more lattice expansion. Along with the higher carbon content, higher hardness values and higher compressive residual stresses in the expanded austenite zone are introduced than for low temperature carburized AISI 316L. The residual stresses obtained from X-ray diffraction lattice strain investigation depend strongly on the chosen X-ray elastic constants. Presently, no values are known for carbon (or nitrogen) stabilized expanded austenite. Nevertheless, first principle elastic constants for γ′&minus Fe4C appear to provide realistic residual stress values. Magnetic force microscopy and measurement with an eddy current probe indicate that austenitic stainless steels can become ferromagnetic upon carburizing, similar for low temperature nitriding. The apparent transition from para- to ferromagnetism cannot be attributed entirely to the interstitially dissolved carbon content in the formed expanded austenite layer but appears to depend also on the metallic composition of the alloy, in particular the Ni content.

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Author:Konstantin V. WernerORCiD, Philipp Schuler, Arnulf HörtnaglGND, Paul GümpelGND, F.B. Grumsen, T.L. Christiansen, M.A.J. Somers
Parent Title (English):ECHT 2019, European Conference on Heat Treatment, Bardolino, IT, Jun 5-7, 2019
Publisher:Associazione Italiana di Metallurgia (AIM)
Place of publication:Milano
Document Type:Conference Proceeding
Year of Publication:2019
Release Date:2020/03/17
Tag:Expanded austenite layer
Page Number:9
Institutes:Institut für Werkstoffsystemtechnik Thurgau - WITg
Relevance:Keine peer reviewed Publikation (Wissenschaftlicher Artikel und Aufsatz, Proceeding, Artikel in Tagungsband)
Open Access?:Nein